Indoor Birds Nutrition

Domestic birds make wonderful pets for the whole family. The latest population statistics show there are over 1.6 million pet birds in the UK.

In addition to being beautiful to look at, birds are inquisitive and intelligent and have a great capacity for learning. They are highly sociable, eager to learn and can develop strong bonds with their owners. All of these personality traits make house birds a wonderfully rewarding and entertaining pet for the whole family.   

The enjoyment of caring for a pet bird can also last the duration of a frequently long life so it is a significant commitment too.  Larger birds such as the macaw can live for 60 years or more, while smaller birds such as budgies can live for around 15 years. 

Indoor Bird Diet

Making sure that your domestic bird gets a balanced diet is important, and of equal importance is ensuring they don’t get a chance to eat anything that might be dangerous or poisonous. 

Most companion pet birds are seed eaters. However, seed alone will not provide your bird with the nutrients they require. Manufacturers of prepared bird food will supplement mixes to ensure they get the right nutrients in the right proportions.

Here are some of our top tips to ensure your domestic bird is kept as healthy as possible.

Domestic Bird Feeding Tips

  • Minerals are very important to birds to maintain bones, claws and beaks. They can be provided in the form of mineral blocks, cuttlefish bones or oyster shells.
  • To ensure your bird receives the correct, balanced diet, look for the words "complete feed" on the food packaging. This means that this particular food has been manufactured to provide all the nutrients it needs to keep it healthy.
  • In addition to providing good quality bird feed, small quantities of fresh fruit and veg may be fed as a treat for your bird, but you should take care not to overdo this as it is an additional source of calories. Always ensure that any fruit or veg given is safe for them to eat, and it should be washed thoroughly and cut into manageable pieces.
  • In the wild, birds eat millet sprays fresh from the branches, and millet sprays can offer both a source of entertainment and a healthy treat for caged birds within the home. Other treats, such as ‘seed sticks’ are also widely available and provide not only nutrition, vitamins and minerals but also are a great source of activity for the birds. As with all additional sources of nutrition, care should be taken to avoid any over-feeding of your domestic bird.
  • Care should be taken to always ensure that feeders are kept free of husks and that there is always sufficient seed available. 
  • Always remember, birds need constant access to fresh clean drinking water from a suitable water drinker, available from pet shops. Clean the drinkers every day. 

Depending on your bird's diet or species, you may need to follow some additional guidance to ensure they have a healthy and nutritious diet. 

Seed eaters

Domestic birds with a seed-based diet also need iodine, vitamin A and calcium to avoid rickets.  The most important essential fatty acid for birds is linoleic acid, and deficiencies can cause skin problems and poor feather development.

During the breeding season, when seed eaters are feeding young, they may take some higher protein manufactured ‘soft’ foods – many of which are egg based. The protein requirement of indoor birds may also increase during growth or at moulting time.   

Selective feeders

Some birds, such as parrots and related species, are selective feeders, so owners need to take great care not to indulge the bird with its favourite bits of any feed as this could mean he’s no longer receiving a balanced diet.

Small birds

Small birds such as finches and canaries need to eat as much as 30% of their body weight in seed each day.

Softbill birds

Softbills tend to be kept by more experienced bird keepers. These bird species have specific nutritional needs, depending on whether they are insectivorous, carnivorous, nectivorous (nectar feeders), frugivorous (fruit eaters), or omnivorous.

Keeping your domestic bird healthy

Please always follow the feeding guidelines on bird food packaging and make sure your birds have plenty of space to stay active. To find out whether your bird is in a healthy shape, please see our Bird Size-O-Meter and watch our video on how to assess your bird's body condition score. 


Where to Buy Indoor Bird Food

Here you can see an alphabetical list of UK Pet Food member companies that produce/supply a wide range of bird food and feeding products for indoor birds. Please refer to their individual websites for more details.